Maxillofacial Surgery

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Written by
Dr. Jorge Giner Díaz
Maxillofacial Surgery Expert

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specialty devoted to the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of soft and hard tissue diseases of the oral cavity.

Those related to wisdom teeth are among the most frequent problems. Other common interventions include the extractions of other teeth, fenestrations (procedure performed when there is a tooth included), correction of braces, cysts, fibroids, etc.

Extraction of wisdom teeth

Wisdom teeth or molars are the last teeth to come out, and they usually do so between 17 and 30 years of age. There are four molars, two in the jaw (right and left) and two in the maxilla (right and left).

In some people the growth of these teeth is non-existent or they only appear partially, covered by the gums or bone. They are the known included molars.

If there is insufficient space and the molars only partially come out or do not come out this is when we consider extracting them to avoid infectious problems and mechanical complications.

The extraction of wisdom teeth prevents serious complications such as damage to neighboring teeth or facial nerves.

At the CIRO Clinic we work with Dr. Jorge Giner, a specialist in Maxillofacial Surgery, who works directly with the team of dentists, especially involving problems of defective dental and bone relationship.

Problems in the maxilla and jaw can cause not only aesthetic, but also functional problems. Sometimes, if it cannot be resolved by orthodontics, it will be necessary to resort to maxillofacial surgery.

If we notice oral lesions, a good diagnosis gives us the possibility of ruling out injuries that could be of a certain severity. It will also allow us to refine the management of the problem more by increasing the effectiveness of the treatment if it has to be performed.

Canine teeth surgery included

Up to 3% of the population has canines “included”, that is, inside the bone without being able to come out after the age at which they were supposed to.

The causes are various: there is a major genetic component, but the factors of the development of dental arches also have an impact, such as an especially soft diet in childhood.

When a canine tooth does not come out, the case must be thoroughly studied since there are several alternatives: It may be advisable to surgically remove the canine tooth through a simple operation, pull them through orthodontics to help them to come out or, in other cases, simply do nothing and monitor them.

Whether the canine tooth must be extracted or removed, the surgery is simple and can be performed under local anesthesia or, if the patient prefers, under sedation at the clinic itself. With basic care, the postoperative period will be comfortable and completely painless.

Oral cancer

Cancer in the maxillofacial region is one of the 10 most common cancers that affects humans. Generally, it occurs in the form of tumors that usually appear on the face, neck and mouth.

These types of lesions require a thorough study to achieve an accurate diagnosis.  The diagnosis of this type of diseases is performed in very advanced stages, which affects the degree of cure. At CIRO Clinic we have the necessary team and technological equipment to diagnose and eliminate tumors.

Dr. Jorge Giner Díaz
Maxillofacial Surgery Expert


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